The Different Types of Academic Writing

Academic writing is where writers are required to use a writing style that is clear, concise, precise, focussed, and supported by relevant evidence. Academic writing follows a formal tone and writing style that is less complex and is easy to understand. The primary purpose of academic writing is for writers to present information to display a better understanding of a particular topic. There are various types of academic writing, with each having a different purpose, such as explaining, persuading, discussing, etc. The different kinds of academic writing include:

  • Descriptive essays

A descriptive essay is where a writer gives a detailed account of a place, character, or event. While writing a descriptive essay, one is required to describe the main topic, and one should use a lot of adjectives. An author may use metaphors or other literary methods to describe the reports as they appear or occur. It’s crucial also to use sensory details such as smelling, touching, seeing, hearing, and tasting to create a connection with the reader by creating a visual image of your descriptions.

The best way to approach a descriptive essay is to define the issue you are going to describe. Introduce your essay with information that explains the main topic and why. Proceed by writing the body using well-detailed content describing the issue and conclude by explaining the significance of the description.

  • Narrative essays

In academic writing, a narrative essay is one that usually tells a story. It talks about a particular event or a series of events and describes the type of experiences that the writer got from it. A narrative essay is usually in the first person, and it challenges the writer to think and write about themselves. Various narrative techniques help the reader to imagine and visualize the accounts you are telling. The author uses literary techniques such as metaphors, similes, personification, alliterations, and imagery to tell their stories to the audience. A great narrative essay involves the use of characters, setting, plot, and themes that create a connection with the audience.

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A narrative essay usually contains the following:

  • The essay should be written from a particular point of view.
  • It should state and supports a point.
  • It should use accurate or precise details.
  • The essay should be written using vivid verbs.
  • Expository essay

An expository essay is one that requires a writer to research a topic, explain, clarify, or discuss the idea in a precise and concise style. Writers are required to research, examine, and present ideas based purely on facts other than opinion. The primary purpose of expository essays is to elaborate on a topic logically and straightforwardly. Generally, an expository essay is structured using a five-paragraph format. The format consists of a one-paragraph introduction, three major points that make up the body of the article, and a one-paragraph conclusion.

  • Persuasive essays

It is also known as the argumentative essay. It utilizes logic and reason to show readers one idea is more valid than the other. It helps the reader to accept a particular point of view or take a specific action. An excellent persuasive essay requires the writer to demonstrate why his/her opinions are correct and why the opposing view is incorrect. The writer must always use substantial evidence by stating facts and giving logical explanations.

  • Reflective essays

Reflective essays describe an event or experience and then evaluate the meaning of the experience and what lessons the reader can learn from it. Reflective essays enable the author to inform the reader of their emotions, impressions, or attitude towards the topic of discussion. The primary purpose of reflective essays is to reflect the writer’s personality. It requires the author’s presence to be felt in the content of the article.

  • Compare and contrast essays.

Compare and contrast essays evaluate differences and similarities between the two subjects. The subjects may fall in the same category but are not similar. A writer needs to support their article with logical facts and evidence from the research.

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