How to structure a great dissertation

A dissertation is a detailed piece of academic writing that requires original research and is submitted as part of a doctoral, master, or bachelor’s degree. A dissertation is probably the most extended piece of academic writing students undertake. It’s probably one of the most challenging projects students write. The aim of the project is to test the research and analysis skills used by the students.

Is writing a dissertation too hard for you? Make the best use of unemployed professors writing services. Their unique services will ensure your dissertation is captivating enough to increase its chances of success significantly.

The structure of a dissertation                                                                                                  

The following is the structure of a dissertation:

Title page

The title page is crucial since it introduces the research topic and focuses on the reader. The subject of the research includes the general area of research, while the focus specifies the item of your research. A good title should be clear, specific, descriptive, and relevant to the research you have done. It’s crucial to format the claim according to the set guidelines of your respective field.


The acknowledgment section usually not more than one page appears after the title page and before the abstract. This is where you recognize those who have contributed and supported you directly or indirectly during the research and writing process. The acknowledgments could be both personal and professional. However, you should follow the rules and guidelines concerning the acknowledgments to include.


An abstract is a summary of the whole paper that highlights the purpose, main ideas, methods used, conclusion, and the significance of the research. The best way to come up with an excellent abstract is by writing it last once you are sure of what you are summarizing. You can also start by writing an abstract to help you highlight the main points in your research, the outcome, and the purpose of the research. Moreover, beginning with an abstract will potentially act as a guide in the structuring of your dissertation.

Table of contents

Table of contents section where you list the chapters and major sections of your dissertation as well their page numbers. A good table of content should be clear, concise and well-formatted to guide the reader about the contents of each section of the paper

List of figures and tables

A list of figures and tables is used if your dissertation contains several figures and tables. It allows the reader to find various illustrations, figures, and tables quickly. You should make sure the list of figures and tables lists all the tables and figures in a clear and well-organized format.

List of abbreviations

A list of abbreviations section is used if you have used many abbreviations in your dissertations. You should create a list of all abbreviations and their definitions in alphabetical order.


A glossary is a list of all technical terms that an average reader may not be familiar with or understand. Make a list of all the technical terms in alphabetical order and provide a short explanation.


The primary introduction’s purpose is to expand on the material summarized in the abstract. A good introduction provides background information and specifies the aim of the research. You should make sure focus and stretch of your research problem are balanced not too narrow or too broad to ensure its clarity. Your introduction should also demonstrate the relevance and significance of the research. All the information in the introduction should be clear, engaging, and relevant.

The literature review and theoretical framework

A literature review is an overall overview of previous research on a topic. It involves a collection of the most relevant and crucial sources on that particular topic to provide a comprehensive overview. Make sure your sources are undisputed and current. Provide an analysis of the information collected from the various sources. It’s crucial to make sure you justify the reasons for your research.


This is where all the methods and techniques used to collect data on the research topic are discussed in a detailed report. You will need to be clear and precise on how you conducted the research and how the findings have helped you address the research problem. It’s also important to state when and where the research was conducted.


In this section, you provide your research outcomes that are relevant to your research questions or problems. It should not include any interpretation of the data.


This is where you interpret and explain the results or outcomes of your study. Use clear statements that address your research question or problem. Discuss the implications of your research in and show new insights and the significance they have in the respective field. It’s essential to show your reader the contributions of your research and why they should care. The discussion should also acknowledge the obstacles that were encountered during the research process and evaluate the impact they had in achieving the aim of the study.


Your conclusion should provide a summary of the main points made in your arguments to ensure the reader has a clear understanding of the research. The conclusion should identify possible gaps in the study and offer relevant solutions. In this section, it’s crucial to show the importance of your research in the field and also provide recommendations for future research on the particular field.


Full details of all the sources you cited must be included here. It’s crucial to list all your references using a consistent citation style.


In this section, documents that you have used but are not included in the main body of your essay can be added as appendices. The documents can be interview transcripts or survey questions.


Great Expository Essay

How To Write A Great Expository Essay

An expository essay is one that requires a student to investigate a topic, explain, clarify, or expound on the idea clearly and concisely. Generally, an expository essay is based on a five-paragraph format. The format includes a one-paragraph introduction, three main points that make up the body, and a one-paragraph conclusion.

Are you having trouble in composing an expository essay? You can seek professional help from unemployed professors writing services.

Characteristics of expository essays

  • Clear, concise, and defined thesis statement

A clear and well-defined thesis statement is crucial since it summarizes the main ideas of the essay and states the importance of the essay. A weak thesis statement often lacks focus and becomes ambiguous.

  • A smooth and logical transition between the introduction, body, and conclusion

Logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusions help the readers to understand the relationship between the ideas and the logical flow of your thoughts.

  • Body paragraphs that include facts and evidence

Expository essays use facts and evidence to support a claim or argument. Supporting evidence proves a claim or argument is valid hence improving the credibility and reliability of the information presented in the essay.

  • A relevant conclusion

Expository essays must include a conclusion that readdresses the thesis statement with the evidence provided. The conclusion must not include new ideas but highlight and re-affirm the main ideas presented in the body of the essay.

Types of expository writing

There are different types of expository essays that include:

  • Definition essays- explain the meaning of a word, term, or concept.
  • Classification essays- narrows down a broad idea into categories or groups.
  • Compare and contrast essays- describes and shows the differences and similarities between two or more subjects.
  • Cause and effects essays- describe and show how things affect and depend on each other.

Guidelines for writing an expository essay

Choose your topic

The best way to start writing an expository essay is brainstorming for ideas and choosing a topic you are interested in and familiar with. This will make it easier and more comfortable to find and research information. An excellent expository topic should be based on current and trending events. The topic should be specific enough that you can find enough information and supporting evidence to describe and explain the topic thoroughly.

After choosing the topic, you should narrow the focus to a specific aspect of the topic so that you can explore it in detail. Narrowing down a topic will provide you with a particular organization of your paper and the research you will undertake.

Write the introduction

Your introduction should draw the attention and interest of the reader. Sentences should be clear, concise, and engaging. A good introduction provides background information on the topic. Background information is crucial as it provides the reader with critical information and knowledge about the subject.

Background information helps the reader to understand the focus, nature, and scope of the research problem. After writing the background information, you should include a thesis statement at the end of the introductory paragraph. A good thesis statement narrows down the topic to a specific focus of an investigation and highlights the purpose of your paper.

Write the body of the essay.

The body of your essay should consist of at least three paragraphs. Each of the paragraphs should be limited to the presentation of one main idea. This will ensure your article is clear and easy for the reader to follow and understand. Outline your main points and present the relevant facts and supporting evidence. The main ideas or points should be backed by facts and evidence in the same paragraph. The main ideas presented in your essay should relate to the thesis statement highlighted in the introduction.

Concluding the essay

A reasonable conclusion leaves an immediate impression on the mind of the reader. Conclude your essay by emphasizing on your main ideas and restating your thesis statement in a short summary. However, a reasonable conclusion should not just restate the thesis but show its significance. Your conclusion should recommend actions to be taken and provide solutions to an issue or problem.


Common citation and reference mistakes in writing

Citation and reference mistakes can ruin a well-crafted article or essay. Something as simple as an incorrectly placed period or comma can ruin or change the meaning of your sentences. When writing a research paper, attention to detail is the key to composing authentic and successful essays. Quality citations and references increase your chances to score higher grades. Incomplete or incorrectly used citation and reference styles can be considered a form of plagiarism.

The following are a common reference and citation mistakes and how you can avoid them:

Incorrect placement of periods and commas

The comma ensures clarity in a sentence but is the most misused punctuation mark in writing. Incorrect or unnecessary use of commas makes sentences confusing and challenging to read. Missing commas in long sentences make it hard to read and understand the information being conveyed by the writer. Commas should be used to separate large pieces of information into small portions that make sense to the reader. Avoid using commas to separate two subjects doing similar things.

Neglecting to make citations when paraphrasing

Paraphrasing is rewriting something in your own words. It’s essential for students since it shows you have done the research and you understand about a subject to write it in your words. One of the most common mistakes writers make is forgetting to put citations during paraphrasing. Even though you are writing content in your words, it’s crucial to use the right quotes since you are still getting information from another person’s work. Citation is essential since it helps you as a writer to avoid plagiarism that can have detrimental effects on your academic performance.

Making unnecessary citations

Most students make the overuse of citations in their writing. In the process of trying to avoid plagiarism, many writers tend to overdo the use of citations. Information that is common knowledge does not require citations. Instead of putting the same citation after every sentence in a paragraph, you can use citation at the end of the paragraph if the entire information is from the same source.

Being inconsistent in the citation style

With many citation styles available, many writers end up making the mistake of using different citation formats in the same writing piece. It’s crucial to maintain the same citation style throughout your paper.

Lack of not knowing the difference between citations and references.

It can be hard for many writers to differentiate between citations and references. Citations are placed in the paper’s body with direct quotes, the author, and the publication you retrieved the information. References come at the end of your article. References should be included to explain where the citation information was acquired. There would be no relevance of references if the citation were not included.

Forgetting page numbers

When citing, it’s crucial to include the page number of the book or long article you gathered. This is essential as it will be easier for readers to look up the information from the exact page number you provided.

Forgetting web addresses

In this modern era, the internet has proven to be a source of most information. You can almost certainly find anything on the internet since lots of data is continually being added. Most writers fail to provide the web addresses that they got their information, therefore, lacking credibility in their work. It’s crucial to include the relevant web addresses and links assisted in your research. This will help you avoid plagiarism and increase the reliability and credibility of your work.

Mangling spelling

When writing, some words can be challenging to spell and write. However, you should not write words that you don’t understand the correct spelling. Learn to write down the words correctly and their proper use in writing the paper. Incorrectly spelled terms may change the meaning of the information you are writing and undermine its credibility.

Need help in writing exciting essays? Unemployed professors guarantee trustworthy and satisfactory essay writing services that will significantly improve your academic performance.

annotated bibliography

An annotated bibliography is one of the projects that students are supposed to complete once in college. However, most students who encounter annotated bibliography task for the very first time end up confused, wondering whether it is a listing of bibliographic sources or a review of literature. Due to our vast experience in handling similar assignments, we fully understand that while creating a stellar annotated bibliography can be relatively challenging, it can be easy to handle if you know what instructors expect. We have mastered the most effective strategies of drafting such assignments. For instance, The APA annotated bibliography is essentially a list of citations for various articles, books, and other sources on a topic. It resembles the references pages, but also includes an annotation following the citation of a source. Here, annotation implies concise notes or a short critical evaluation of material. Remember, this type of assignment is intended to allow the writer to review useful sources before integrating them into research. The annotations can be critical, descriptive, or both.

On the other hand, in a descriptive annotation, you will be expected to explain the content of the article or book, while the critical variant requires an evaluation of the work form an informed position. In the description, you should offer a summation of the source, indicating the details of the author, the issue discussed in the document, the date of publications, and the reason behind the writing. The evaluative variant, on the other hand, includes a summation of the details indicated here, as well as a short critical assessment of the accuracy and relevance of the source. This analytical approach helps the student to learn more about the topic and develop a thesis statement for research. As you can see from the annotated bibliography example MLA, these tasks come in different styles and formats, depending on the particular course and discipline.

Functions served annotated bibliography include acquainting students with the relevant literature on a topic; demonstrate student’s level of understanding of the readings; outline particular sources used by other researchers and organizing relevant materials in preparation for research undertaking.

Why Get Your Annotated Bibliography from Us

Twinsproffs understand the student’s desire to submit a well-written annotated bibliography that would earn higher grades. However, some students lack sufficient time, resources and skills necessary and hence need timely assistance to enable them actualize their dreams. In the past, we have helped thousands of such students by ensuring they only submit quality papers at the right time. We have a team of selected experts in every field and level of classes to ensure that all papers are written following tutor’s instructions. As our culture, we rigorously recruit our writers to make sure we only work with the top best in the industry.

Due to the vast experience and exposure of our writers, we have mastered the tricks resulting to a stellar annotated bibliography. For example, it is important for writers to conduct intensive research and select the most sources. Besides, writers must read and review the selected sources to get the required content bearing in mind that the core goal of writing annotated bibliography is to assist the researcher in considering the quality and relevance of the sources on a topic.

Therefore, if you have a challenge developing an annotated bibliography following the given instructions, look nowhere as we have the best team to assist you prove your deep understanding of the field you are undertaking. As always, we ensure that each instructions is adhered to and the quality supersede your professor’s instructions. We are reliable and deliver each work prior or on the agreed time. You can order your customized annotated bibliography here on a website and relax and we handle everything for you.

Tips for writing a strong introduction

In essay writing, an introduction describes the scope of an article or essay and gives a summary of the content. A strong introduction is informative and engaging. Writing a strong introduction is not an easy task since it requires a combination of creativity and good writing skills. A strong beginning draws the attention of your readers, provides background information on your topic, and reveals your essay’s purpose.

If you need help in composing a captivating and robust introduction, visit the unemployed professors writing platform for the best essay writing services.

Characteristics of a strong introduction

Characteristics of a strong introduction include:

  • A strong start should contain eye-catching phrases that will draw the attention of the readers.
  • Provide supporting points in a logical order that leads to the main ideas. The points and main ideas need to be supported by relevant facts and evidence.
  • Highlight your main ideas or thoughts and show the aim and relevance of writing your essay.
  • Provide background information or data that will enlighten and make your readers understand your subject and its significance.
  • Should be organised logically, clear, concise, and specific.

Guidelines for writing a strong introduction

The following guidelines will help you come up with a compelling and robust beginning;

  • Draw the attention of your reader

The first words in an essay can attract or repel the attention of the reader. Therefore, it’s essential to take your time in formulating a strong introduction sentence. A clear, concise, and attractive introduction will hook your readers and spark their interest in reading the rest of the paper. An eye-catching beginning may start with a surprising fact, quotation, or question.

An attention-drawing introduction doesn’t have to be complicated or sophisticated, but the first sentences should be attractive enough to lead the reader into the main essay. The beginning sentences should state a bold claim that explains the importance of the topic. The sentences should not be too long but clear and specific.

  • Contextualise your topic

A strong introduction relays background information so that the readers can have an accurate and more in-depth understanding of your topic of discussion. Explaining your problem may include historical, geological, and social contents.  Additionally, it defines terms that the readers may not understand.

You should provide clearly defined and relevant ideas or arguments. It’s best to avoid giving too many details that may be explained in your essay’s main body. A strong beginning needs to relay relevant information that shows the relationship between the main ideas and the topic.

  • Establish your purpose and position

Establishing a purpose for writing is narrowing your focus and showing the aim of your essay. Creating a purpose for writing is essential in providing the direction your essay will take. The use of an introduction may be to: reflect your ideas, inform, persuade, or to evaluate. Determining your paper’s purpose will make essay writing a lot easier and smoother since you will have a sense of direction.

The purpose of your essay is conveyed in the thesis statement. The thesis statement highlights the focus and aim of your paper by using clear, concise, and specific words. The thesis statement shows the position and direction the essay will take. A strong thesis statement will provide a strong basis for your arguments and ideas.

  • Edit and proof-read

After you finish writing your essay, you should make sure you revise and edit your work to eliminate all the errors. You should make sure the information in the introduction relates to the information in the main body of the essay. Your introduction should include primary and relevant information. It’s best to write your introduction last since the scope of your research or ideas may change. Good editing will make sure your introduction is clear, well-structured, focused, and relevant. The primary function of editing is to ensure the ideas, thoughts, and viewpoints of the writer are conveyed in the best way possible.

Writing a credible literature review and its purpose

A literature review is a summary or a survey of scholarly sources related to a particular topic or research issue. It reviews sources such as books, journal, articles, and theses. Writing a credible literature review involves a description, summary, and critical evaluation of the sources about the topic being investigated.

Writing a credible review is not an easy task. You need to have excellent writing skills to come up with a credible and reliable literature review. If you need help in crafting a report that is credible enough, visit the unemployed professors’ writing platform for unique and trustworthy writing services.

Purpose of a literature review

A literature review has many uses, including:

  • Describe the relationship between the sources under evaluation and the topic under research
  • Identify new ways to analyze and interpret research
  • Reveal any gaps that exist in the literature
  • Resolve conflicts in contradictions found in previous research
  • Identify your research within the existing literature

Types of literature reviews

The following are the different types of reviews found in writing:

  • Systematic reviews

A systematic review involves a detailed and comprehensive overview of existing evidence of a formulated research question. It consists in identifying, appraising, and synthesizing all relevant studies on a specific topic. The objective of a literature review is to document, analyze, and provide a summary of a clearly defined research topic in a clear pattern. It focuses on a specific issue usually found in a cause and effect form.

  • Argumentative review

Argumentative review analyzes literature to support or reject an argument or a deeply embedded assumption established in the existing literature. The main focus is to provide a contrary point of view. However, an argumentative review poses a significant problem of biasness.

  • Integrative reviews

An integrative review critiques and synthesizes secondary literature about the research topic to generate new frameworks and perspectives on the subject. An excellent integrative review meets the same requirements as the primary data in terms of clarity, consistency, and replication.

  • Theoretical review

A theoretical review is used in establishing existing theories, the relationship between them, and the extent to which they have been researched. It helps in developing a new hypothesis to be tested. The primary purpose is to show that existing theories are inadequate for solving new research problems.

  • Historical reviews

Historical reviews are used to examine research throughout a certain period, the first occurrence of an issue, and track its development. The primary purpose of the historical reviews is to align research in a historical context and show its relationship with current events and possibly predict the direction for future research.

  • Narrative literature reviews

A narrative literature review is a comprehensive and critical summary of the literature. It helps in establishing a theoretical framework and context for your research. A narrative literature review provides conclusions about a particular topic and address inconsistencies in the existing research.

Writing a credible literature review

The following guidelines will help you to compose an excellent literature review:

  • Search for relevant literature

The key to writing a useful literature review is identifying and looking for relevant literature and databases. The importance of conducting a literature search is to gather the information and relevant evidence required in your literature review.

  • Evaluate and select sources

Selecting relevant sources to use in your review requires careful evaluation and selection. It’s essential to evaluate the sources that are most relevant to your question. Your sources should have credible and reliable facts and statistics. Using credible sources to support your arguments is more likely to translate into high quality and authentic reviews.

The best sources for a literature review are scholarly articles since they have been written by experts and are more accurate and reliable. While evaluating your sources, it’s crucial to identify the principal authors and publications that will influence your research question.

  • Identify arguments and gaps.

Before beginning a review, its crucial to understand the relationship and connections between the sources you have read. To develop an excellent literature review, you need to identify emerging trends and patterns, conflicts and contradictions, recurring concepts, and gaps or weaknesses that need to be addressed.

  • Structure your literature review

The review should have an introduction, body, and conclusion. In your introduction, you should define your research topic and provide an appropriate context for your discussion, explain the organization of the literature review, and state the scope of the review.

The body should organize the literature according to their context, provide a relationship of your topic and the subject of discussion, and narrow down your literature review to the specific focus of your research.

Effective paraphrasing( the dos and dont’s)

Paraphrasing is rewriting the meaning of something using different words or in your own words. Paraphrasing is not an easy task as it requires finding relevant information, understanding the purpose of the information, and interpreting it using other words without losing its meaning. While paraphrasing involves interpreting information in other terms, proper citation of sources is required since the data is from another author’s work.

Proper citation, while paraphrasing, is crucial since it will help you avoid the plagiarism trap that may occur intentionally or unintentionally. However, a citation will not help you avoid plagiarism, but correct and appropriate citation will. You must ensure you document your sources appropriately using the proper style guide. Improper use of citations and wrong style guide will not help you escape plagiarism.

Rephrasing is acceptable if you understand and interpret information from other materials and adding correct citations at the end of a sentence or paragraph. Therefore, it’s not fair to copy information from another source and slightly change some few words or use synonyms.

The main aim of paraphrasing is to show you understand the information you have to write it in your own words. It’s crucial for writers to completely understand how to correctly rephrase content to avoid unintentional plagiarism. If you find it challenging to compose original essays, seek help from unemployed professors for the best essay writing services.

The below guidelines will guide a writer in the proper use of paraphrasing.

The dos of paraphrasing

  • Understanding when to quote and when to rephrase

When quoting, you should use the exact words from other materials, whereas paraphrasing, you use the author’s idea but put it in your own words. It’s essential to know when to quote and when to paraphrase. Use direct quotes when it’s more likely to be accurate than paraphrasing or when you need to use the author’s exact words. Use paraphrasing when the meaning of the information is more important than the exact words used by the author. The idea and thoughts from other sources should be the same except the language or sentence structure.

  • Understand the purpose of paraphrasing

Paraphrasing is not just about rewriting ideas and thoughts from other sources into your own words. When paraphrasing, you need to show that you completely understand the meaning or concept from other sources to write it in your language and unique style while also adding the relevant citations of the paraphrased material. Rephrasing is often used to simplify the author’s ideas into a language that is clear and easy to understand. You should paraphrase words that are key and relevant to your purpose.

  • Understand the content you are paraphrasing.

When rephrasing, it’s essential to understand the information you are paraphrasing to avoid misinterpretation of another author’s ideas. It’s also crucial to understand the meaning of the data to avoid sounding similar to the original material.

The don’ts of paraphrasing

  • Avoid paraphrasing by relying too much on the thesaurus

A thesaurus is a reference material that lists the synonyms and words with related concepts. Most students make the mistake of using the thesaurus to change or swap with synonyms to sound different from the source. Most students end up patch-writing that involves making small changes from the source, which is a form of plagiarism. Make sure to avoid patch-writing and understand the meaning of the original work to effectively translate it into your style.

  • Don’t forget to include quotation marks.

Directly quoted words copied from another source should be enclosed in quotation marks. Copying words directly without including quotation marks is a form of plagiarism, which is a severe offense. If the quotation used is more than three sentences, it should be block indented without quotation marks. Using quotations is crucial since you acknowledge the information used is not yours.

  • Don’t change the original meaning.

When rephrasing, avoid changing the original meaning of the information from other sources. You should only change the language or sentence structure but not the original idea or meaning of the information you have acquired from another author. The central concept is to understand the content and relay it in other words, while still sticking to the original idea or thoughts.

If you have not yet understood the concept of paraphrasing, it’s time to seek professional help. Visit the unemployed professors’ writing platform for the best essay writing services.


Importance of an abstract and how to write one

Many writers fail to understand the importance of an abstract while others don’t know how to write one. An abstract allows you to expound on the significant aspects or ideas of your paper. An abstract helps the reader determine whether to continue reading the rest of the content or not. A clear, concise, and focused abstract draws the reader’s attention and makes them eager to read the rest of the material. To write an eye-catching abstract, you need to understand how to write the different types of abstracts in writing.

If you are having trouble writing an effective abstract, it’s the right time to seek expert help from skilled writers. Unemployed professors guarantee you the best and reliable abstract writing services. Their services will help you to craft an eye-catching abstract that will increase the success of your paper.

Types of abstracts in writing

The following are generally the four types of abstracts in writing:

Descriptive abstract

Descriptive abstract indicates the type of information found in the article or essay. The primary purpose of the descriptive abstract is to provide results or conclusions of research without passing judgments or being critical. An abstract highlights keywords found in the research essay, purpose of research, methods used, and research scope. An excellent descriptive abstract should provide an outline of the work, be clear, and relevant to the study.

Informative abstract

The informative abstract is widely used in writing. An informative essay does not criticize or evaluate the work but provides well-detailed information. The primary purpose of informative essays is to present and elaborate on the main arguments, conclusions, and the facts in the article. The informative abstract is short and may contain the recommendations of the writer.

Descriptive abstract

A descriptive abstract describes the research and does not include the judgment or critique of the research outcome. The primary purpose of a descriptive abstract is to provide the general outline of the topic or title of the paper and how it was researched. However, it’s important to note that the descriptive abstract does not include the research conclusions.

Highlight abstract

A highlight abstract is the least accepted abstract in academic writing. The highlight abstract is mainly written to draw the attention of the reader. The abstract usually uses captivating language that makes the readers want to read more. The writer uses incomplete phrases to attract the attention of the reader.

Guidelines for writing an abstract

Writing style

When writing an abstract, use precise, concise, and complete phrases and sentences. Use as few words as possible, but make sure your words and phrases are specific and relevant. Use the active voice when possible but mainly use the passive language since you are reporting on research that has been completed.


Your abstract should be formatted into a single paragraph using the block format. Avoid using paragraph indentations. Your abstract should not be more than 250 words. use single-space and 12 Times New Roman font.

Composing your abstract

An abstract is the first section of your writing, and the best way of writing a great abstract is by writing it after the actual writing. The importance of writing your abstract last is that you will be able to summarize the entire paper. The information included in the abstract should relate to the information in the whole paper. Avoid adding new information that is not in the main article. The last words of your abstract should provide a concise summary of the conclusions and interpretations.

A great abstract should contain;

  • the purpose of the study and the research problem
  • the design of the study
  • an analysis of the research
  • the outcome of the research
  • a summary of your and conclusions

It’s crucial to understand what not to include in your abstract to avoid making little mistakes that may reduce its quality.

A great abstract should NOT contain;

  • too much background information
  • redundant words and phrases
  • acronyms and abbreviations
  • confusing terms
  • citations to other works

How to write concisely

Writing concisely is using as few words as possible to relay an idea or information. Reading wordy or very long sentences can be exhausting, stressful, and tedious. Very long sentences can be hard for readers to identify the main points making it difficult to understand the point you are trying to communicate. Readers end up disappointed, trying to extract key points in crammed up long sentences or paragraphs. Writing concisely requires accurate and specific information.

Learning how to write concisely is not easy. It requires you to possess excellent writing skills that take time to master. It’s perfectly okay to seek help in writing concise essays from professional writers. Unemployed professors writing services offer exceptional services that you can undoubtedly trust.

Importance of concise writing

  • Increased quality in your writing

Writing many words that can be written in just a few words can make your work less exciting and hard to understand. You need to strengthen the quality of your work by removing unnecessary adverbs, modifiers, and vocabulary. Your aim should be to use fewer but reliable words to ensure your article is clear and easy to understand.

  • Increased effectiveness

Using simple and clear language increases the effectiveness of your writing. Readers can understand and relate to your ideas quickly. You need to choose the best words that are less sophisticated to ensure readers don’t struggle to read and interpret your message.

  • Makes your writing fascinating

Many readers get tired and bored, trying to obtain the main ideas in very long pieces of information. Other readers have very little time to go through and analyze large chunks of information. Therefore, keeping your writing concise will make it short and specific. A brief and precise essay will keep your readers captivated, fascinated, and engaged in your ideas.

  • Makes writing easy to interpret

Using sophisticated language and complex terms will make your writing difficult to grasp and interpret. It will leave your readers requiring clarification for better understanding making your work less engaging and unreliable. Writing information using clear and concise language will leave your readers with less room for interpretation and reference.

Guidelines for concise writing

There are various guidelines students can follow to ensure their writing is clear, concise, and easy to understand and interpret. The guidelines include:

  • Eliminate unnecessary words

When writing or after writing, it’s crucial to eliminate words that are too obvious. Therefore, it’s essential to remove additional details. Remove words that are less effective or less relevant to your main ideas or thoughts. Unnecessary words and phrases that don’t add any meaning or support your main points make your work crammed up and wordy.

  • Omit redundant pair of words and phrases

Redundant words are unnecessary since it repeats the meaning of the other word. Writing concisely requires one to avoid many pairs of expressions that imply each other. Examples of redundant words include the result, history, essential essentials, gifts, and others. Redundant phrases include red in color, large in size, round in shape, and others.

  • Stay on point

Many writers veer off the main points with needles and additional information that undermines the clarity and purpose of their content. Using specific and relevant language will help you stay on point and focused on your writing. Moreover, sticking to the central ideas or concepts will keep your readers engaged and focused on your content.

  • Eliminate filler words

Filler words add no meaning or value to a sentence, and their primary purpose is to fill space. Filler words do your writing too long, making your reader feel bored and disappointed.  Examples of filler words include: very, really, needless to say, for what it’s worth, in my humble opinion, among others.

  • Strengthen weak adjective

You can reduce long sentences by using powerful and descriptive adjectives. Strong adjectives are adjectives that are used to replace using very + an ordinary adjective. Strong adjectives are used to describe the qualities of something. Weak adjectives are not clear about the noun they are describing.  Examples of replacing a weak adjective with a strong adjective include; very upsetting-devastating, very beautiful-gorgeous, very scary-horrific, and others.

The key to composing a concise essay is to stay on point and deliver your content using the fewest but relevant words.



How to write an engaging essay

Writing an engaging essay is quite a daunting task for many students and writers. The ability to keep readers engaged throughout an article requires a writer to craft their ideas carefully. Writers should keep their readers in mind from the beginning. An engaging essay uses well-organized ideas, relevant information, and stays focused on the topic. You should consider the right choice of tone and language to relay your ideas and thoughts that will attract your readers.

Are you struggling to compose an engaging essay? You can seek professional help from unemployed professors writing services for an eye-catching and engaging article. Their excellent services are trustworthy and satisfactory.

Tips on writing an engaging essay

The best way to keep your audience engaged is by writing interesting essays that will keep them focused and increase their desire to read more. The following tips will help you write an essay that will attract your readers’ attention and keep them focused.

Choose a captivating topic.

The basis for writing an engaging essay is a reliable and captivating topic. Before you begin composing your essay, take your time to brainstorm and choose a question that is interesting and compelling enough to grab your audience’s attention. Choose a topic that concentrates on current events or affairs that are relevant to your audience.

An interesting topic is clear, concise, specific, intriguing, and relevant. Additionally, your question should be informative, educating, and motivating to your audience. Your essay’s main focus should be writing ideas that are; thought-provoking, daring, and have a clear point of view.

Avoid focusing too much time on the past.

A good essay is where writers don’t spend too much on past events. Your article should highlight the lessons you learned from your experiences. You should not just narrate or describe your experiences but reveal the impact your experiences and the role they have played in shaping your personality or character. An excellent essay should show the relationship and connection between your past and future.

Unfold and expand on your ideas

The best way to engage your readers is to expand on your ideas or experiences and explain how they made you feel and how they have impacted your life. Give a detailed account by including the sensory details such as seeing, feeling, touching, hearing, and smelling to help your readers visualize and relate to your accounts.

Readers are more connected or engaged in your content if your experiences and ideas affect them. Avoid just describing your experiences in a flat language but choose strong words and phrases that make your writing feel real. Use a descriptive language that is vivid, detailed, and compelling enough to keep your readers focused and engaged.

Avoid being predictable

Being too predictable in your essay will make your writers bored and end up losing interest in your ideas and experiences. Your essay should leave readers with the desire to read more and fulfill their curiosity. An engaging article should include a twist or surprise that will keep readers turning the pages and clinching on their chairs. Using plot twists is a great way to keep your readers entertained and engaged in your content. However, avoid too many twists that will destroy the flow of your ideas lest make your readers feel bored disinterested.

Avoid cliché

While it’s crucial to write an essay that is too familiar with your audience, it’s also important to avoid writing content that your readers have repeatedly heard. Readers tend to lose interest quickly in overdone topics. Therefore, it’s crucial when writing an overdone topic to come up with new and unique viewpoints or new ideas that will keep your audience interested and engaged in your content. You should be creative and innovative in selecting new and compelling content.

Relevance in your content

Readers tend to respond to content and experiences that affect them. An article that highlights information about issues affecting your audience tends to keep them focused and engaged in your content. It’s essential to conduct extensive research to understand the main issues affecting your audience.

Having a better understanding of the issues affecting your audience will help you craft useful content that will attract your audience’s attention. A relevant topic is more captivating and engaging and leaves your audience with a lasting impact. Your audience will be drawn into your content in the search for answers on issues affecting them.

The key to crafting an engaging essay is the right choice of attractive, captivating, and engaging content that will have a positive impact on your audience. However, if you are unsure where to start, you can seek professional and reliable writing services from the unemployed professors writing platform.