Incorporating Supporting Evidence in an Essay

An effective essay requires supporting evidence to reinforce key ideas or thoughts in an article. Evidence may be a quote from a source or a paraphrase from a reference. It may also consist of graphs, charts or tables, or photographs. Supporting your ideas or arguments with relevant facts, evidence, or examples improves your paper’s credibility and reliability. No matter how compelling your ideas are, readers will find it hard to rely on them without the relevant supporting evidence or reasons.

To correctly incorporate supporting evidence in an essay, it’s best to begin by presenting an idea or claim in the introductory paragraph of the article. After introducing your claim or concept, introduce relevant and concrete evidence to support your claim. It’s crucial to analyze your evidence after presenting it to make sure you the readers understand its importance.


Paraphrasing is rewriting a document using different words or rephrasing an article in your own words. Paraphrasing challenges writers to finding for useful information, understanding the purpose of the information, and interpreting it using different words without losing its original meaning or idea.

While paraphrasing requires the interpretation of information differently, proper citation of sources is crucial since the data is from another author’s work. Paraphrasing is considered valid if you understand and interpret other sources’ information while adding appropriate citations at the end of a sentence or paragraph. Therefore, it’s not ethical to use data from another source and slightly change some few words or use synonyms without giving credit to the rightful author.

The primary purpose of paraphrasing is to show your readers you understand the information you have researched to present it in your own words. Therefore, it’s crucial to completely understand how to correctly rephrase other writer’s materials to avoid unintentional plagiarism. If you find it challenging to compose original essays, seek help from unemployed professors for the best essay writing services.

Quotations and citations

Using quotations in an essay requires you to rewrite another author’s words exactly as they appear in a particular source and giving the proper author credit by including and recognizing their name. While using quotations to present evidence, it’s essential to explain to your reader why the quotation is significant to your paper and provide a citation to the quotations used in your essay. The following are critical points on when to use quotations:

  • Use direct quotes when it’s more accurate than paraphrasing or when it’s more effective to use the author’s original words
  • Quote if you are using a particular authentic source, and you need the author’s words to support your points.
  • Use quotations if you need a writer’s exact arguments or points.
  • Quote when you are evaluating a specific writing style used by the author.
  • Quote if you need to use effective language.

Avoid the following mistakes when using quotations and citations.

Avoid making unnecessary quotations and citations.

Most students have a habit of overusing citations in their essays. By trying to avoid plagiarism, many students misuse citations in their papers. To avoiding overdoing citations, information that is considered general knowledge does not require citations. To effectively cite information, avoid using the same citation after every sentence in a paragraph. Still, you can use citation after a paragraph if the entire report is from a similar source.

Being inconsistent in quotation and citation style

With a wide variety of citation styles available, many students apply different citation formats in the same piece of writing. It’s essential to use a regular citation style throughout your paper.


Summarizing involves providing a brief overview of the main ideas or points in a document. A summary is vital in presenting crucial background information, emphasizing your argument, or presenting a source as a counter-argument. When providing an overview of other ideas, you need to cite your sources correctly and appropriately.

Graphs, statistics, charts, and illustrations

Other times evidence may be presented using a visual representation of a fact. The supporting evidence can be presented through graphs, charts, tables, statistics, or illustrations. For your proof to be concrete, it’s crucial to provide a brief written explanation of the visual representations and also include appropriate citation of the evidence.

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